Magenta Therapeutics Presents New Data from Phase 2 Study of MGTA-456 Cell Therapy in Patients with Inherited Metabolic Disorders

From Startup Magenta Therapeutics

Link to Full Article:

– All five patients with inherited metabolic disorders (IMDs) treated
with MGTA-456 in ongoing Phase 2 study met the primary endpoint of
successful engraftment –
– Patients with cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy (cALD) showed
resolution of brain inflammation on MRI as early as one month
post-treatment –
– Patients with Hurler’s syndrome showed increase in corrected enzyme
and decrease in disease-related metabolites –
CAMBRIDGE, Mass.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Dec. 2, 2018–
Therapeutics (NASDAQ:MGTA), a clinical-stage biotechnology company
developing novel medicines to bring the curative power of bone marrow
transplant to more patients, today announced that the Company presented
initial Phase 2 clinical data and preclinical research on its MGTA-456
program at the 60th annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology

MGTA-456 is a cell therapy providing a high dose of hematopoietic stem
cells that are well-matched to the patient, administered through a
transplant procedure. The ongoing Phase 2 study in inherited metabolic
disorders aims to enroll 12 patients with cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy
(cALD), metachromatic leukodystrophy or globoid cell leukodystrophy, and
previously also enrolled patients with Hurler’s syndrome. The primary
endpoint of the study is engraftment after transplantation and the
secondary endpoint is transplant-related safety and tolerability. Early
data from this Phase 2 study were highlighted in a poster presentation
by John Wagner, M.D., Director, Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Division, University of Minnesota. In a separate oral presentation,
Kevin Goncalves, Ph.D., Magenta Therapeutics, highlighted data showing
that MGTA-456 significantly improves engraftment and the number of human
microglia in the brains of transplanted mice; Tony Boitano, Ph.D.,
Magenta Therapeutics, presented a third data set showing that MGTA-456
contains large doses of the cells responsible for engraftment, which are
also correlated with rapid neutrophil recovery in patients following

“Inherited metabolic disorders are rare and often fatal diseases. The
only disease-modifying treatment option is bone marrow transplant, which
can be challenging for patients without a matched sibling donor.
MGTA-456 is a cell therapy with a high dose of stem cells that are well
matched to the patient and may represent a promising treatment option
for these patients,” said John Davis, M.D., M.P.H., chief medical
officer, Magenta Therapeutics. “We are pleased to see robust and
consistent engraftment, the primary endpoint of the study, in all five
of the evaluable patients treated thus far. We are also very encouraged
by the changes in early disease biomarkers and brain imaging evidence
that are correlated with positive long-term disease outcomes. In
addition to leukodystrophies, we are developing MGTA-456 for patients
with a broad range of diseases where we believe it has the potential to
deliver transformative benefit. A Phase 2 investigator-initiated study
of MGTA-456 in blood cancers will begin in late 2018, and we will start
a Phase 2 study of MGTA-456 in sickle cell disease in the first half of

Preliminary Phase 2 Results Demonstrate Engraftment with Minimal
Neutropenia with MGTA-456, a CD34+ Expanded Cord Blood Product in
Patients Transplanted for Inherited Metabolic Disorders, Abstract #3467

Key results, as of November 2, 2018:

Five patients treated and evaluable: two with cALD, three with
Hurler’s syndrome

Five of five patients treated with MGTA-456 met the primary endpoint
of successful engraftment by day 42 following the transplant procedure.

In recent historical cohorts of patients undergoing regular cord
blood transplantation with identical pre-transplant conditioning,
up to 32% did not engraft at comparable time points.

The patients treated with MGTA-456 had minimal neutropenia, lasting
for a median of 1 day.

In the historical cohort, neutropenia lasted for a median of 8

The two patients with cALD showed resolution/reduction of gadolinium
enhancement on MRI, an indicator of brain inflammation, by day 28
post-transplant. Resolution of gadolinium enhancement is correlated
with long-term disease benefit in patients with cALD.

Patients with Hurler’s syndrome showed an increase in blood leukocyte
Idua enzyme, the enzyme that is deficient in untreated patients with
Hurler’s syndrome, suggesting that transplant with MGTA-456 is
beginning to affect the disease in these patients.

Patients with Hurler’s syndrome showed a marked decline in urine total
glycosaminoglycan (GAG) levels, which is correlated with improved
long-term disease outcomes.

Two treatment-related adverse events were observed: one grade 1
vomiting and one grade 3 nausea, both of which were transient.

Preclinical Data, MGTA-456 Stem Cell Expansion
MGTA-456, A First-in-Class Cell Therapy Produced from a Single
Cord Blood Unit, Enables A Reduced Intensity Conditioning Regimen and
Enhances Speed and Level of Human Microglia Engraftment in the Brains of
NSG Mice, Abstract #115

Key results presented by Kevin Goncalves, Ph.D., Magenta Therapeutics:

NSG mice were transplanted with MGTA-456 or unexpanded cord blood
after being conditioned with total body irradiation or either high- or
low-dose busulfan, and engraftment of microglial cells in the brain
was measured.

In sublethally-irradiated animals, MGTA-456 led to an 11-fold increase
in hematopoietic engraftment and a 24-fold increase in microglial
engraftment in the brain (p<0.001, n=8 mice) relative to standard of care, with histology consistent with engrafting microglia in the brain. In busulfan-conditioned animals, MGTA-456 led to a 25-fold increase in hematopoietic engraftment and a 60-fold increase in microglial engraftment in the brain relative to standard of care (p<0.001, n=8 mice). MGTA-456 led to faster microglial engraftment: a 28-fold increase in microglial engraftment was demonstrated as early as 2 weeks post-transplant with MGTA-456 (p<0.001, n=8 mice). The number of engrafting hematopoietic cells in the periphery correlated with number of engrafting microglia in the brain (p<0.0001). Subpopulations of MGTA-456 were evaluated to determine the source of microglial engraftment. Only CD34+CD90+ cells, but not CD34+CD90- or CD34- cells, led to brain engraftment, consistent with the subpopulation of cells that result in hematopoietic engraftment following transplant of unexpanded cells (Radtke et al., Sci Trans Med 2017 and Goncalves et al., Blood 2017 130:659). These data demonstrate that microglial engraftment is faster and greater in recipients of MGTA-456 even after lower dose busulfan conditioning, that microglial engraftment correlates with peripheral blood recovery, and that microglia cells are derived from CD34+CD90+ cells. “Inherited metabolic disorders are characterized by defective enzyme function in the brains of patients, and engraftment of microglial cells in the brain after transplant is crucial for successful correction of the disease,” said Michael Cooke, Ph.D., chief scientific officer, Magenta Therapeutics. “These preclinical data provide compelling proof of mechanism for potential transformative benefit with MGTA-456 in patients with inherited metabolic disorders.” MGTA-456 Contains Large Numbers of Expanded Cord Blood (CB) CD34+CD90+ Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC) Which Confer All Engraftment Activity and Correlate with Accelerated Neutrophil Recovery after Myeloablative Conditioning in Patients with Hematologic Malignancy, Abstract #2083 Key results, presented by Tony Boitano, Ph.D., Magenta Therapeutics: To date 41 patients have been treated with MGTA-456 (36 with blood cancers; 5 with inherited metabolic disorders), and all have engrafted at a significantly faster rate than what was seen in historical controls. Magenta scientists sought to fully characterize the expanded CD34+ cell fraction of MGTA-456 phenotypically and functionally and identify the cell population that correlates with time to neutrophil recovery. MGTA-456 was found to contain large doses of CD34+CD90+ hematopoietic stem cells and progenitors, which are responsible for engraftment in mouse models. The dose of CD34+CD90+ cells was also found to have the strongest correlation with faster time to neutrophil recovery in patients. Of the 36 patients with blood cancers treated with MGTA-456, 100% of patients engrafted in a median of 14 days, with 67 percent overall survival at 2 years in this high-risk disease setting. About Magenta TherapeuticsHeadquartered in Cambridge, Mass., Magenta Therapeutics is a clinical-stage biotechnology company developing novel medicines for patients with autoimmune diseases, blood cancers and genetic diseases. By creating a platform focused on critical areas of unmet need, Magenta Therapeutics is pioneering an integrated approach to allow more patients to receive one-time, curative therapies by making the process more effective, safer and easier. Forward-Looking StatementThis press release may contain forward-looking statements, including express or implied statements regarding Magenta’s future expectations, plans and prospects, including projections regarding future revenues and financing performance, our long-term growth, the anticipated timing of our clinical trials and regulatory filings, the development of our product candidates and advancement of our preclinical programs, as well as other statements containing the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” might,” “plan,” “potential,” “project,” “should,” target,” “will” or “would” and similar expressions that constitute forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Although Magenta's forward-looking statements reflect the good faith judgment of its management, these statements are based only on facts and factors currently known by Magenta. As a result, you are cautioned not to rely on these forward-looking statements. These and other risks concerning Magenta's programs and operations are described in additional detail in its registration statement on Form S-1, its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and its other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time. Any forward-looking statement made in this press release speaks only as of the date on which it is made. Magenta undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise. View source version on Source: Magenta Therapeutics Magenta Therapeutics:Manisha Pai, Vice President, Communications & Investor Please visit their site for more information: Magenta

All,Biotechnology,Healthcare News,Startup News
2018-12-03 20:02:13